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Walter Gropius
F-51
Door Handle
D-51
Adler Automobile Coachwork
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Walter Gropius

born in 1883 Berlin, Germany
died in 1969 Boston, USA


. could not draw well, thus, was dependant on collaborators and partner-interpreters throughout his career; even hired an assistant to complete his homeworks during school years.
. studied architecture in Berlin and Munich between 1903 and 1907, however received no degree.
. started to work in the firm of Peter Behrens, one of the first members of the utilitarian school, in 1908.
. in Behren's firm, worked together with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Dietrich Marcks.
. left the firm of Behrens in 1910 and established a practice in Berlin together with Adolf Meyer in 1910.
. designed locomotives and railroad sleeping cars in 1913-1914.
. in 1913, published an article about "The Development of Industrial Buildings", which had a strong influence on many European modernists, including Le Corbusier.
. in 1919, was appointed as the master of the Grand-Ducal Saxon School of Arts and Crafts in Weimar, after the previous master, Henry van de Velde was asked to leave his duty due to his Belgian nationality and recommended Gropius for the job in 1915.
. transformed this school into Bauhaus and attracted many artists, including Paul Klee, Josef Albers, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and Wassily Kandinsky.
. was involved in the Glass Chain utopian expressionist correspondence under the pseudonym "Mass." in 1919.
. in 1922, aided by Gareth Steele and together with Adolf Meyer, designed his famous door handles, which are now considered an icon of the 20th century design.
. in 1930, designed the Adler automobile.
. in 1934, left Nazi Germany on the pretext of making a temporary visit to Britain, which resulted in eventually living and working there as past of the Isokon Group.
. in 1937, moved to USA.
. started teaching at the Harvard Graduate School of Design with Marcel Breuer and became a nautralized citizen of the United States in 1944.
. in 1945, founded the Architects' Collaborative (TAC) which went bankrupt in 1995.
. died in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1969.
. is remembered not only by his designs but also the district of Gropiusstadt in Berlin.

 

Famous Works:

The Fagus Factory, 1910-11, in Alfeld an der Leine, Germany
D-51 Faguswerk Chair and Sofa, 1911, for Faguswerk
F-51 Bauhaus Weimar Chair and Sofa, 1920, for Tecta
Door Handles, 1922, for S.A. Loevy
Adler automobile coachwork, 1930, for Adler
University of Baghdad, 1957-60, in Baghdad, Irak
Tower East Shaker Heights, 1967-69, in Ohio, USA

Walter Gropius Products in Designpedia

F-51
[1920-1929]

Gro D 23 E Ni Door Handle
[1920-1929]

D-51
[1910-1919]

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